A Tale of Two Co-ops in Two Cities





Food Cooperatives, Co-ops, Food Justice, Community Development


Conceived in support of the Louisville Association of Cooperative Economics (LACE), this paper pre­sents case studies of two different food coopera­tives serving communities of color. After establish­ing a brief history of food cooperatives, we explore the expansion efforts of Seward Community Co-op, a long-standing and well-established coopera­tive in a predominantly White area of Minneapolis, Minnesota, into a more diverse area of the city. Next, we explore the Mandela Grocery Co-op in Oakland, California, a relatively new, worker-owned cooperative. We then discuss several points to consider in the development of new co-ops that emerge from these cases.

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Author Biographies

Leah Halliday, University of Louisville

Doctoral Candidate, Department of Middle and Secondary Education, College of Education and Human Development

Michèle Foster, University of Louisville

Henry Heuser Jr. Endowed Chair for Urban Education Partnerships and Professor, Department of Early Childhood and Elementary Education, College of Education and Human Development



How to Cite

Halliday, L., & Foster, M. (2020). A Tale of Two Co-ops in Two Cities. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(2), 239–254. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2020.092.005