Stakeholder Perceptions of the Impact of Cannabis Production on the Southern Oregon Food System


  • Vincent M. Smith Southern Oregon University
  • Maud Powell Oregon State University
  • David Mungeam Southern Oregon University
  • Regan G. Emmons Rogue Valley Food System Network



Marijuana, Cannabis, Food Systems, Oregon, Rogue Valley, Agriculture


The passage of Measure 91 (Oregon Legalized Marijuana Initiative, 2014) in Oregon legalized the production of cannabis for recreational sale. Since legalization, there has been a significant increase in cannabis production across the agricultural land­scape of southern Oregon. Southern Oregon’s Rogue Valley now hosts 314 licensed recreational cannabis growers who share a changing agricultural landscape with orchards, vineyards, vegetable farms, seed industries, and ranches. The Rogue Valley Food System Network (RVFSN) convened focus groups across the region to explore the per­ceived impacts of the cannabis industry on the food system. These impacts were coded and cate­gorized for use in the development of future research questions. Stakeholders identified environ­mental impacts, land use policy, agricultural best practices, water resources, financial opportunities, resource competition, and a changing cultural landscape as areas in need of further research. This research brief informs work by lawmakers, land use planners, researchers, managers, and farmers in developing research, policies, and projects to address challenges and realize opportunities associated with the changing agricultural landscape in states where cannabis production is expanding.

See the press release for this article. 


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Vincent M. Smith, Southern Oregon University

Associate Professor, Environmental Science & Policy and Sociology & Anthropology

Maud Powell, Oregon State University

Assistant Professor of Practice, Southern Oregon Research and Extension Center

David Mungeam, Southern Oregon University

Undergraduate Student, Sociology & Anthropology

Regan G. Emmons, Rogue Valley Food System Network




How to Cite

Smith, V. M., Powell, M., Mungeam, D., & Emmons, R. G. (2019). Stakeholder Perceptions of the Impact of Cannabis Production on the Southern Oregon Food System. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 8(4), 125–135.