Farm-to-School Programs’ Local Foods Activity in Southern Arizona

Local Foods Foolkit Applications and Lessons

  • Dari Duval University of Arizona Cooperative Extension
  • Ashley K. Bickel University of Arizona Cooperative Extension
  • George B. Frisvold University of Arizona Cooperative Extension https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9453-3179
Keywords: Farm to School, Local Foods, Economic Impact Analysis, IMPLAN, Farm to School Census, Local Foods Toolkit, Import Substitution, Export Substitution, Procurement

Abstract

This analysis applies principles and methods from the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Local Foods Toolkit to demonstrate the moderating influence of countervailing effects on the economic impacts of local food purchases through farm-to-school programs in Southern Arizona using USDA Farm to School Census data. The analysis applies and expands upon recommendations in the Toolkit, introducing the concept of export substitution and exploring how water resource constraints create tradeoffs for farms through crop-shifting and cropping rotations. The analysis reveals that for fruit and vegetable exporting regions, export substitution can be a major countervailing effect. Furthermore, the analysis examines the usefulness of the Farm to School Census as a secondary data source for estimating the economic impacts of local food activities, allowing us to make recommendations for how the Census could be expanded and supplemented for regional economic applications.

Author Biographies

Dari Duval, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension

Economic Impact Analyst, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics

Ashley K. Bickel, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension

Economic Impact Analyst, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics

George B. Frisvold, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension

Professor and Extension Specialist, Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics

Published
2018-12-14
How to Cite
Duval, D., Bickel, A., & Frisvold, G. (2018). Farm-to-School Programs’ Local Foods Activity in Southern Arizona. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 8(C), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2018.08C.001