Urban Planning Roles in Responding to Food Security Needs

  • Christine Slade University of the Sunshine Coast
  • Claudia Baldwin University of the Sunshine Coast
  • Trevor Budge La Trobe University
Keywords: Food Access, Food Desert, Food Policy, Food Security, Land Use Planning, Local Government, Planning and Infrastructure Barriers, Urban Agriculture

Abstract

Food security is a daily problem for vulnerable groups of urban citizens in developed countries, who face physical and mental stress and poor health outcomes from limited food choices. They are often unable to change their circumstances through the marginalizing impacts of urban planning policy, regulation, and infrastructure barriers. Local government is often confronted with these impacts and absorbs the responsibility to act “on the ground” in the absence of a coordinated, multilevel institutional response. Health professionals and local government urban planners increasingly collaborate to examine the design of cities and towns to improve food security. Despite increased awareness and the inclusion of food security in some planning strategies, regulation, and decision-making, results are limited in many jurisdictions. This research uses a case study methodology to gain insights into the systemic barriers facing local government planners in the state of Victoria, Australia, in responding to municipal food security challenges. Four food-related themes drawn from the data show that both internal systemic barriers and an external lack of fit with federal and state governments blur the understanding of food security challenges and limit planning solutions. Local government planners need consistent legislative and planning scheme priorities, combined with strengthened regulatory tools, to address food security more effectively. Increased feedback opportunities for local government staff to share their valuable experience and knowledge with higher levels of government would allow for a more coordinated approach to addressing this multijurisdictional problem.

Author Biographies

Christine Slade, University of the Sunshine Coast
Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.
Claudia Baldwin, University of the Sunshine Coast

Associate Professor, School of Social Sciences, University of the Sunshine Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Trevor Budge, La Trobe University
Community Planning & Development Program, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.
Published
2016-11-29
How to Cite
Slade, C., Baldwin, C., & Budge, T. (2016). Urban Planning Roles in Responding to Food Security Needs. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 7(1), 33-48. https://doi.org/10.5304/jafscd.2016.071.005
Section
Open Call Papers