From Anecdote to Formal Evaluation: Reflections from More Than Two Decades on the Local Food Research Trail at USDA




U.S. Department of Agriculture, USDA, Local Food Systems, Regional Food Systems, Food Policy, Federal Policy, Food Systems



In the waning days of my career at the U.S. Depart­­­­ment of Agriculture (USDA), the editors of this journal encouraged me to share some reflec­tions about the evolution of local food research and data collection during the past two decades, and I am deeply appreciative for the opportunity. It has been my great fortune to have witnessed the extraordinary transformation of the local food sec­tor firsthand since the mid-1990s. What started out as a minor assignment to oversee a single—and eventually unsuccessful—cooperative research agreement on school food procurement with the Georgia Department of Agriculture in 1995 ended up piquing my interest about the opportunity for growth in local food sales within institutional and commercial food service, as well as retail channels. This subject has remained the primary focus of my professional life and a subject of vast curiosity for me ever since. For someone like me, who has been immersed in the world of local food systems for more than 20 years, it is staggering—and gratify­ing—to consider both the profound changes in research and data availability that have occurred over the course of my career, and the multiplicity of ways that relevant evidence and data can now be employed to guide business and community devel­opment through local food system expansion. My intent in this article is to briefly examine the chron­ological history of local food research at USDA as I experienced it “in the trenches,” and observe the combination of Congressional mandate, political influence, personal curiosity, and, sometimes, pure serendipity that permitted this body of work to emerge.

It should be noted that my personal experi­ences and observations are strongly shaped by my career-long affiliation with USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), an agency that has been mandated by Congress since 1946 to promote effi­ciency in the U.S. food marketing system and help producers attain a greater share of consumer food expenditures.[1] Therefore, while I acknowledge the many health, equity, and environmental benefits that may be achieved through local food system development and expansion, I am deliberately con­fining the bulk of my remarks to the economic contributions of local food systems from a pro­ducer standpoint, and USDA’s important role in bringing such data and information to light. . . .

[1] Agricultural Marketing Act of 1946, Sec. 203. 7 U.S.C. 1622. The original text reads: “to foster and assist in the development and establishment of more efficient marketing methods…for the purpose of bringing about more efficient and orderly marketing, and reducing the price spread between the producer and the consumer.” See

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Author Biography

Debra Tropp, Debra Tropp Consulting

Principal, Debra Tropp Consulting, Kensington, MD



How to Cite

Tropp, D. (2019). From Anecdote to Formal Evaluation: Reflections from More Than Two Decades on the Local Food Research Trail at USDA. Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, 9(1), 13–30.

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